Active listening exercises

Improve your communication skills and enhance your relationship with these effective active listening exercises.

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Active listening is a powerful tool for improving even the most troubled relationships. It helps maintain intimacy and encourages better understanding, communication, and trust. 1

Active listening isn’t just a skill. It’s also an attitude. It requires being mindful and non-judgmental of the other person’s opinion or feelings. In this article, we’ll look at active listening exercises to help develop better relationships and why they’re essential.

Are communication problems getting in the way of your relationship? Learn how effective communication in relationships can help create and maintain a strong bond with your partner.

The role of active listening

The role of active listening

Being an active listener isn’t about signing up for every word the other person says. It’s about being present and engaging in a meaningful conversation where both parties feel heard.

Active listening exercises can help improve communication in couples, friendships, and even work relationships. Because it encourages mutual understanding and empathy, it can help avoid or defuse conflicts. 2

When someone feels genuinely heard and understood, it helps build trust in the relationship. And when there’s trust, your relationship can flourish.

Being a good listener is essential in any relationship. Learn to be active listeners and show your partner that you care with these practical tips.


10 active listening exercises to try with your partner

10 active listening exercises to try with your partner

Active listening isn’t a skill you can learn in a day, so it’s essential to practice. Here are ten active listening exercises that’ll help strengthen your relationships:

1. Reflective listening

This skill is an important part of active listening, and it was first used as part of a client-centered approach to therapy by Carl Rogers. It involves restating the speaker’s words to show understanding and demonstrate that you’ve heard what they said. 3

This is an effective exercise for couples because it shows that you’re taking in what the other person is saying. It also helps them feel heard and understood.

2. Non-verbal listening

Non-verbal listening involves gestures or facial expressions to show you’re paying attention. Because listening isn’t just about words; having a genuine facial expression or nodding is just as important.

Don’t forget to make eye contact when you’re engaged in a conversation. This helps the other person feel they have your emotional attention and support.

Avoid relationship pitfalls caused by body language blunders. Dive into the article to understand the body language cues that may be negatively affecting your connection and discover strategies to improve your communication.

3. Empathetic listening

For an effective relationship, empathy is essential. Empathetic listening helps people feel connected and supported through their emotions. It involves tuning into the other person’s feelings and validating them.

Avoid giving advice or making assumptions about how the other person feels. This can prevent you from establishing a connection and understanding.

4. Mindfulness

Being mindful means being present at the moment with an open mind. This means paying attention to your thoughts and feelings and the other person’s. Mindfulness allows us to be aware of our thoughts and reactions without judgment or bias. 4

Mindfulness helps increase relationship satisfaction and communication, as well as decrease stress. This active listening exercise can help couples connect deeper by encouraging them to be fully present and engaged with each other. 5

Mindfulness is a popular couples therapy exercise that promotes open communication, emotional connection, and conflict-resolution skills. Discover the transformative benefits of incorporating mindfulness practices into your relationship.

5. Asking open-ended questions

Asking open-ended questions is a powerful active listening exercise that encourages meaningful and in-depth conversations between partners. Unlike closed-ended questions that elicit simple “yes” or “no” responses, open-ended questions invite thoughtful and expansive answers. 6

By engaging in open-ended questions, you and your partner can delve into deeper aspects of your lives, thoughts, and emotions. This exercise allows you to share your dreams, aspirations, and fears, fostering a sense of vulnerability and trust. 

6. Mirroring

This exercise is a great way to demonstrate that you’re listening attentively. It involves repeating the other person’s words, using the same tone and body language. This helps both parties feel heard, understood, and connected.

If your partner is feeling angry or frustrated, mirroring can help them discuss the issue without feeling judged. This active listening exercise can also help you identify potential conflict areas in your relationship.

Want to know how mirroring body language can unlock the hidden code of connection? Discover the power of nonverbal communication and learn effective mirroring body language techniques to enhance rapport and understanding.

7. Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing is a valuable active listening technique that involves summarizing and restating your partner’s words in your own words. This exercise demonstrates that you are actively engaged in the conversation and have understood the message being conveyed. 

In addition, paraphrasing contributes to higher levels of perceived understanding and satisfaction among couples during discussions. Because paraphrasing involves restating and summarizing your partner’s words, it allows you to demonstrate empathy and validate their experience. 7

8. Clarifying and summarizing

Another active listening technique is clarifying and summarizing. This involves checking in with the speaker to ensure you fully understand their meaning. You can also summarize the conversation to show you’ve heard and processed the information.

This exercise encourages a back-and-forth dialogue between partners, which can help deepen the connection. Clarifying and summarizing creates an active dialogue that allows you to clarify misunderstandings and respond appropriately.

9. Reflective writing

Even though active listening mainly focuses on verbal communication, reflective writing is a powerful listening exercise. It involves taking the time to reflect on your thoughts and feelings about the conversation.

Engaging in reflective writing exercises has been found to affect emotional well-being, stress reduction, and self-reflection positively. This activity provides you an avenue to express your emotions and increase understanding in relationships. 8

So, the next time you and your partner have a meaningful conversation, take some time to reflect on your thoughts and write them down. Doing so won’t only help you gain insight into the conversation, but it’ll also help you stay mindful of your thoughts and feelings.

10. Role reversal

This is an effective exercise for couples as it allows them to view a situation from two perspectives. It involves the partners switching roles or taking turns speaking from each other’s viewpoint.

Engaging in role reversal exercises has been found to enhance empathy, understanding, and overall relationship satisfaction. Experiencing situations from your partner’s perspective can deepen your connection and strengthen the emotional intimacy in your relationship. 9

To foster better relationships, practicing active listening and incorporating these powerful techniques into your conversations is essential. By engaging in these exercises, you can strengthen the emotional connection between you and your partner and improve communication. Learn how other effective communication strategies in relationships can strengthen bonds and foster deeper connections with your partner.


  1. Reis, H. T., & Shaver, P. (1988). Intimacy as an interpersonal process. In S. Duck, D. F. Hay, S. E. Hobfoll, W. Ickes, & B. M. Montgomery (Eds.), Handbook of personal relationships: Theory, research and interventions (pp. 367–389). Oxford, UK: Wiley. ↩︎

  2. Rogers, A., & Welch, B. (2009). Using standardized clients in the classroom: An evaluation of a training module to teach active listening skills to social work students. Journal of Teaching in Social Work, 29(2), 153-168. ↩︎

  3. Arnold, K. (2014). Behind the mirror: Reflective listening and its tain in the work of Carl Rogers. The Humanistic Psychologist, 42(4), 354-369. ↩︎

  4. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2009). Wherever you go, there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life. Hachette Books. ↩︎

  5. Kappen, G., Karremans, J. C., Burk, W. J., & Buyukcan-Tetik, A. (2018). On the Association Between Mindfulness and Romantic Relationship Satisfaction: the Role of Partner Acceptance. Mindfulness, 9(5), 1543–1556. ↩︎

  6. Sprecher, S., & Felmlee, D. (1992). The influence of claims-making and social support on the perceived understanding and satisfaction of marital partners. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9(1), 63-77. ↩︎

  7. Gottman, J. M., & Levenson, R. W. (1992). Marital processes predictive of later dissolution: Behavior, physiology, and health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63(2), 221-233. ↩︎

  8. Pennebaker, J. W., & Chung, C. K. (2007). Expressive writing, emotional upheavals, and health. In H. S. Friedman & R. C. Silver (Eds.), Handbook of Health Psychology (pp. 263-284). Oxford University Press. ↩︎

  9. Aron, A., Aron, E. N., & Smollan, D. (1992). Inclusion of Other in the Self Scale and the structure of interpersonal closeness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63(4), 596-612. ↩︎

Author picture of Amy Clark
Relationship Expert

Amy Clark

Amy Clark is a freelance writer who writes about relationships, marriage, and family. She has been happily married for over ten years and loves her husband and three kids. Before …

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